2017: "17 in 17" and G20
Variety — the spice of life
In 2017 Hamburg Airport extends and diversifies its route network even more. Especially when the summer timetable arrives, passengers have both new routes and new airlines to celebrate. And as a result, in the 2017 financial year, Hamburg Airport once again sets a new passenger record.
17 in 17
For the first time, more than 17 million passengers use the airport in one year. With less aircraft movements, passenger volume rises by 8.6 percent.
The apron refurbishment, taking place from 2016 to 2020, proceeds according to plan throughout the year, as the third and fourth construction phases run their course. The new ground handling services building starts in 2017 too, with a groundbreaking ceremony in March.
The G20 Summit is held in Hamburg in July. More than 100 special aircraft from various governments have to be handled. The outstanding cooperation of all those involved means that this major event can be mastered side-by-side with regular operations.
In September, Hamburg’s Institute of International Economics (HWWI) publishes a report, revealing that Hamburg Airport is of major significance not only for passengers but also for the region itself. One job at the airport secures another 1.8 jobs in Hamburg. The new Hamburg Welcome Center opens for visitors to the city in September. This is the new go-to-place for passengers needing tourist services. In November, Hamburg Airport digitalises baggage check-in with ten kiosks, making travel even more comfortable and convenient for passengers.
1910 - 1916
1910: On 5th March, the famous airship builder Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin visited Hamburg and gave a rousing speech, in which he lauded the airship as the means of transport of the future and appealed to the city's citizens to give their support to airship travel. Thanks to Zeppelin's appeal and the initiative of several of the city's prominent citizens, the people of Hamburg raised the funds to erect an airship hangar privately, and then offered the building to the airship company upon completion.
1911: 10th January saw the official formation of a limited company, the "Hamburg Airship Hangar Company" (HLG). Some time was spent looking for a suitable site for an airfield, and finally 44.8 hectares of land to the west of Lake Alster and north of the Borstel racecourse were chosen, close to the then sleepy village of Fuhlsbüttel. In May 1911, the excavation work for the airship hangar began, and that autumn, the people of Hamburg were treated to the marvellous sight of an airship crossing the sky above their city – the "Schwaben".
1912: The new airship hangar commenced operations in January. However, the "zeppelins" did not have the new airport to themselves for very long: the "magnificent men in their flying machines" soon took possession of the site with the first aeroplanes, the airship's new rivals.
During the First World War, the shortcomings of the "dirigibles" were already becoming evident – accidents were occurring with increasing frequency, and the operators responded by concentrating more on airship construction and on the training given to the pilots. More than 750 military pilots trained and won their pilot's licence in Fuhlsbüttel; and throughout the war military couriers transported urgent letters and packages on many air routes – not only in Germany, but also in England, France, Austria and Italy. Finally, the German War Office closed the site to the public completely; Fuhlsbüttel was now used solely as a military airfield.
1916: A fire in the airship hangar destroyed the last
suitable navy dirigible. This meant that airship transport now had no
significance for the German navy, and the Naval Office cancelled the lease. The
HLG company rebuilt the damaged hangar using its own funds, and then leased it
to the Hansa Aircraft Factory.
The outcome of the First World War soon brought all aviation in Germany to a temporary halt. In accordance with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, large parts of the German air force were taken out of the country, many planes were destroyed, and the hangars and workshops were damaged so as to render them useless.
1917 - 1929
Within the space of a decade, Fuhlsbüttel was transformed from a marshland with a handful of condemned buildings and wrecked aircraft into one of Europe's major air traffic hubs!
1917: In December, the electricity company AEG (Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft) set up a new firm called DLR (Deutsche Luft-Reederei, literally the "German Air Transport Company"). The shipping line HAPAG, the Zeppelin Company and Deutsche Bank all purchased shares in the new company.
1919: As the world's very first airline, DLR commenced
operation of scheduled flights only a few months after the end of the war, on
Although Hamburg Airport was in a desolate condition, the range of scheduled services gradually expanded, and only a month later, on 1st March, DLR set up a regular service between Hamburg and Berlin.
However, there was no danger of air traffic developing too rapidly in Germany: §198 - 202 of the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919 ordered all flying equipment to be destroyed and surrendered to the Allies, while the import and production of aircraft was prohibited. The victors demanded that the Hamburg airship hangar be demolished.
1920: On the 1st of September, for the first time a plane operated by the newly-founded airline KLM flew from Amsterdam over Bremen to Hamburg, and continued on to Copenhagen. This flight - called "Europe - Northwest Flight" - was the very first international scheduled service in Europe.
1921: At great expense, explosive charges were laid at the corner pillars, and not a single stone of the hangar was left standing. After a promising beginning, air traffic in Hamburg was on the brink of collapse. The neighbouring city of Bremen fared better: Hamburg's traditional Hanseatic rival managed to become the leading centre for air traffic in north-west Germany early in 1921. In Hamburg, meanwhile, the poor conditions caused the DLR company to close down. At the beginning of 1921, the situation at Hamburg's airport had barely improved since the end of the war. However, before the year was out, the city council approved substantial funds for the renovation of the site.
1922: The many improvements enabled Hamburg to catch up with its rival Bremen by the end of 1922. After a brief interlude in which the financially strong Hamburg-America Shipping Line was responsible for the administration of the airport, HLG took control again.
1923: Fuhlsbüttel became the first German airport to be equipped with a radio transmitter, and from 1926 on, radio was used to locate incoming aeroplanes.
1925: Strong growth in passenger volume meant that new hangars had to be built, and construction work was started in 1924. In 1925 there were domestic connections to Bremen, Kiel, Westerland, Hanover, Stettin and Frankfurt, and international flights to Copenhagen, Malmö, Amsterdam and Rotterdam.
1929: Tenders were invited for the construction of the new
terminal building between hangars A and B. All the major functions, such as
passenger and cargo traffic, administration, spectator accommodation and a
restaurant and café, were now united under one roof.
1932 - 1939
1932: In the meantime, the aeroplane had gained so much ground that its former competitor, the airship, simply could no longer catch up. Aeroplanes dominated the scene in Fuhlsbüttel now, and in 1932 the Hamburg Airship Hangar Company (HLG) was renamed Hamburg Airport Administration Authority. With the renaming, the original corporate objective of promoting airship travel receded even farther into the background.
1930 - 1933: In the early 1930s, air travel was extremely hardly hit by the repercussions of the world economic crisis. In the space of three years, between 1930 and 1933, Fuhlsbüttel lost some 35% of its cargo traffic and about 10% of its passengers, while the number of scheduled flights fell from 5,756 to 3,819.
1934 – 1937: Fuhlsbüttel experienced a second boom period:
increasing passenger traffic meant that the airport needed extending, and the
appropriate application was submitted to the Ministry for Air Travel on 27th May
1935. The Ministry granted its permission on 12th July of that year.
In the first half of the 1930s, the night lighting in Fuhlsbüttel was constantly being improved and extended. The perimeter lighting was extended, obstacle warning lights were mounted on all larger buildings, and small floodlights were installed at the gate, so that the clearance platform could be brightly illuminated, enabling rapid clearance of passengers even at night. A huge searchlight rotated on the roof of the terminal building, sending out a powerful beam as an orientation beacon. The direction finding station, responsible for fixing the position of incoming aircraft, was moved and enlarged several times, while a short-wave beacon was set up on the runway to enable planes to land in poor visibility.
In 1937, the number of passengers was the second highest before the Second World War: 57,194. In order of importance, Hamburg was Germany's fourth largest airport after Berlin (which was still by far the busiest), Frankfurt and Cologne. Fuhlsbüttel had been transformed from the rural destination it was in the early twenties to a major traffic interchange.
Up to 1940: The City of Hamburg bought all the shares of the Hamburg Airport Administration Authority, thus documenting the importance that the airport now had for Hamburg itself, and indeed for the entire economic area around the city.
1945 - 1948
In 1939, construction work was started on the south terminal. But by the time it was ready for use, Fuhlsbüttel was no longer a civil airport. On 28th August 1939, four days before the outbreak of the Second World War, the Luftwaffe seized the airport in order to place it "in the service of national defence". All civil facilities were appropriated for military use, and Fuhlsbüttel became an airbase for the German air force and the pilots' training school. While other German airports continued to be available for civil flights, Hamburg airspace was declared closed for all except military flights. All normal flights were stopped, and Fuhlsbüttel was only used for supply, courier and reconnaissance flights for the Luftwaffe.
1941: The last non-military user of the airport, the Hamburg Police, was forced to abandon the hangar it had leased on the airfield in 1941: the Luftwaffe needed the building to store dummy planes. The military authorities also appropriated the Lufthansa fleet, and henceforth special permission was required for civil flights. The routes still being flown were mainly those to neutral countries such as Switzerland, Spain, Portugal and Sweden. Regular scheduled flights were out of the question – the hostilities made flying a hazardous business.
1939-1945: Little is known about the fate of Hamburg Airport during the war, about the number of take-offs and landings and the airport's importance for the Luftwaffe: at the end of the war, all documents covering the period 1939–1945 were burnt. But the changes in the airport's appearance were plain to see: a busy traffic interchange had – at least seemingly – reverted to the rural idyll it had been before. Hundreds of birches and fir trees, huge woven mats and camouflage nets were intended to make the airport seem like an area of unspoilt nature for enemy reconnaissance pilots. Whether the camouflage was successful, or whether the enemy bombers spared Fuhlsbüttel on purpose – either way, unlike many other German airports, Hamburg was not destroyed, and the Royal Air Force was able to take over a fully functioning airfield in May 1945.
1945 - 1948
1945: After the capitulation of the German government, the
Royal Air Force set up base at the airport, which had miraculously escaped any
war damage. The installation of the new 'landlords' was accompanied by a change
in nomenclature: Fuhlsbüttel was renamed "Hamburg Airport". Sovereignty over
civil aviation, too, was in the joint hands of the Allies, who issued a
proclamation on 20th September 1945 to the effect that no German was allowed to
own or operate aircraft. The administration of Hamburg Airport also passed to
the British army.
Civil aviation in Germany had fallen behind as a result of the wartime isolation, and new developments in air travel had by-passed Hamburg and the other German cities.
1946: The British occupying forces were naturally interested
in fast connections between Hamburg and Great Britain, and so in 1946 they
teamed up with British European Airways (BEA) and set up scheduled civil flights
from the Air Force base in Fuhlsbüttel. As of 1st September, there were two
flights a day on the London-Amsterdam-Hamburg-Berlin route.
The volume of traffic grew, and Fuhlsbüttel finally became part of the network of European airways again. This prompted the Royal Air Force to transfer administrative responsibility for Hamburg Airport to the Civil Aviation Board, CAB. At the same time, plans were in the pipeline to make improvements that would enable the airport to cope with the increasing amount of traffic. Thus air traffic control at the airport was brought up to date: the runways were equipped with lighting that showed incoming planes the way about a kilometre before the start of the runway.
1947/48: Plans were drawn up to install a system of landing instruments in 1951, and these plans were delivered to the city's department of civil engineering in the winter of 1947/48 with orders for the work to begin.
1948: On 25th June, the American military governor gave the order to set up an airlift to supply West Berlin with essential provisions. While the American planes took off mainly from Frankfurt and Wiesbaden, the Royal Air Force flew through the northern air corridor from Wunstorf, Faßberg, Lübeck, Celle and Hamburg. The work on the No.1 runway at Fuhlsbüttel, which had just begun, was now pushed ahead at top speed. 1,400 labourers were put to work to ensure that the runway was at least ready by the end of the year so that it could be used for the Berlin Airlift.
1950 - 1955
1950: On 1st October the German authorities resumed administrative control over Hamburg Airport. The sphere of responsibility of the airport administration (Flughafen Hamburg GmbH – FHG) grew rapidly. First of all, FHG provided the apron services for the airlines, then passenger, baggage and freight handling work were gradually added. German employees and civil servants worked side-by-side with the English.
1953: Air traffic control in Hamburg passed back into German hands. Since 1953, it has been the responsibility of the German Air Traffic Control Department, which was created in that year. 1st July 1953 was the first day since the end of the war when the Union Jack was not hoisted at Fuhlsbüttel. Henceforth, Germans were once again in charge of all the administrative functions at Hamburg Airport, although Germany was still not allowed to run airlines of its own.
Fuhlsbüttel was no longer cut off from the rest of the world, and passenger volume increased again. The enormous boom in air traffic at Fuhlsbüttel in the early 1950s was due to various factors. The division of Germany had a particularly strong effect on Fuhlsbüttel: Hamburg Airport was cut off from a large part of its hinterland. However, the city-state (Hamburg is one of Germany's federal states) benefited from its geographical position in the north of the country as a centre for traffic to and from West Berlin and Scandinavia. In this period, most foreign flights flown by the Scandinavian airlines were routed via Fuhlsbüttel.
The new boom created considerable problems for the cargo handling department, since the basement of the main building originally intended for the storage of air freight soon reached the limits of its capacity. As a temporary solution, the hangar was used for freight storage, and was then converted into a permanent cargo shed. Even this new facility, however, was not able to cope with the onslaught in 1953, so that a new area had to be set aside on the apron itself to allow freight to be transferred straight from the aircraft on to a truck.
Furthermore, Hamburg's geographical situation at the north-east corner of
West Germany played a central role in the plans of the new Deutsche Lufthansa.
As a "peripheral solution", Hamburg offered Lufthansa the chance to fill its
little fleet more or less to capacity. Frankfurt, on the other hand, was
intended more as an intermediate stop on domestic routes.
Hamburg was prepared to put up the buildings required according to the specifications of LUFTAG ("Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf" (Aviation Services plc), renamed "Deutsche Lufthansa" public limited company in 1954), and the city senate made the sum of almost 12 million DM available for the purpose. A long-term lease was signed with the Hamburg airport administration on 2nd December 1953: a new double aircraft hangar was to be built at Fuhlsbüttel as the technical base and maintenance facility for the future airline.
Summer 1953 saw the beginning of the construction work on the part of the site formerly occupied by the Borstel racecourse.
1954: The topping-out ceremony was held for new maintenance shed in August.
1955: On 1st March, Lufthansa began its first trial flights
within Germany, and one month later, on the morning of 1st April, the
blue-&-yellow flag with the crane was hoisted once more at Hamburg Airport.
The Treaty of Paris returned full sovereignty to Germany in May 1955, so that
the "crane" was able to fly on its new European routes a few days later.
Accompanied by fitting ceremonies and speeches, the routes to London, Madrid and
Paris were inaugurated, and other routes followed.
1959 - 1969
1959: On 25th August, with the agreement of the State of Schleswig-Holstein, the Hamburg senate approved the extension of the No. 2 runway towards Ohemoor, taking it beyond the boundaries of the city-state, since it was impossible for a fully-laden jet with full fuel tanks to take off in Fuhlsbüttel. Lufthansa had already responded to this problem by transferring its intercontinental flights to Frankfurt, where the runways were longer.
1960 marked the beginning of the jet era for Lufthansa. On 2nd March at 12 midday, Lufthansa's first Boeing 707-430 Intercontinental landed at Hamburg Airport. But the new jets not only reduced flying times significantly, they also created an enormous increase in passenger and cargo capacity. Hamburg Airport cemented its reputation as the air route centre of northern Europe: in terms of total traffic, it continued to be Germany's no.2 airport after Frankfurt. In October the extended No. 1 runway was put into operation.
1961: The increasing passenger figures necessitated the extension of the main airport building. On 9th November, after 2½ years of construction work, Mayor Engelhard inaugurated a new terminal tailored to meet passengers' needs.
1962: The airport authority responded to the increasing noise caused by the jets by building a soundproofed hangar where trial engine runs of the planes overhauled by Lufthansa could take place. New approach procedures were evolved; the huge jets had to avoid "racing starts", and only in exceptional cases were take-offs or landings allowed between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. At this time, the first soundproofing programmes for the adjoining suburbs were worked out.
1964 saw the completion of the extension work on No. 2 runway. The airport site had once again expanded considerably and now covered an area of some 500 hectares.
1969: It soon became clear that the capacity now available would only be adequate until the end of the decade, so the airport administration authority decided to undertake yet another extension of the handling facilities to enable the airport to cope with a maximum of 4 million passengers. In 1969 the "Deutschlandhalle" was opened for passengers on domestic flights.
1970 - 1976
1970: On 30th March, Lufthansa's first large-capacity aircraft, a Boeing 747, approached the hill in front of the No. 1 and No. 2 hangars. A "jumbo jet "stands 19.33 metres above the ground, so a new gate had to be built specially for the giant airliners. Some advance planning had been necessary at Hamburg Airport. Ready for service by the winter of 1970, the jumbo gate featured a concourse with two movable air bridges, a large waiting-rom and a baggage carousel.
1971: The new decade saw a real boom in the tourist industry, and Hamburg Airport responded with the construction of a new charter terminal between the main building and the northern administration building.
1972/73: After this boom, 1972/73 brought a decline in
traffic. Passenger figures, the number of take-offs and landings and the volume
of air freight all declined. There were a number of different reasons. On the
one hand, the air traffic controllers at all the German airports worked to rule
from June through November 1973: this caused many cancellations and delays. And
on the other, the fall-off in air traffic was also due in part to the transit
agreement signed by West Germany and East Germany in 1971: many people who used
to fly into Berlin now drove or took the train. Moreover, the oil crisis led to
a substantial increase in the price of jet fuel, which was passed on to
passengers in the form of more expensive tickets.
In 1971 the German government had passed a law to prevent unnecessary aircraft noise, and under the terms of the new law every airport was required to install a noise measuring system, which Hamburg Airport did in 1973. The year before, the Officer for Aircraft Noise Control – a new position set up by the city council – moved into his offices at Fuhlsbüttel.
1974: By the mid-seventies the lost ground of the preceding years had been made up, and Fuhlsbüttel found itself participating in a new upwards trend. Thus work was started on a new 1.5 million DM project, namely the conversion of the "B" hangar into the "C" (charter) terminal.
1975: The new facilities for outgoing holidaymakers and foreign workers flying home to visit were put into service.
1976: The extension of the air cargo handling facilities was completed. On 9th February, Lufthansa took delivery of its first Airbus at Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm's (MBB) plant in Hamburg-Finkenwerder.
1980 - 1985
1980: Domestic passenger figures had roughly doubled since 1969, and on 5th March 1980 a new terminal was opened at Hamburg Airport to cope with increasing volume of domestic traffic. Overall, though, air traffic in Germany showed a small decline of - 0.5% from the previous year's level, and 1981 the rate of decline grew to - 0.8%. The year after this, the negative trend reached - 3.2%: the difficult economic situation was having a serious effect on the aviation industry, which seemed to be on a steady downward slope.
1982: In addition to the new terminal opened in 1980, a spacious new charter terminal was now opened; as a counterpiece to the domestic building, it balanced out the whole complex of buildings, and not only architecturally. Henceforth, charter flights could be handled functionally and on the same level as scheduled flights.
1983: The 1983 holiday season brought a marked increase in both passenger and cargo volume. And Hamburg Airport had another cause for celebration in the second half of the year, when a young Norwegian woman became Fuhlsbüttel's 75 millionth passenger! Since early 1950, when Hamburg Airport passed back into German hands, 75 million passengers had passed through the airport.
1985: Further construction work was on the cards: the
transfer of arrivals from Berlin to the domestic section of the airport meant
that there was 50% more space waiting areas for foreign flights. Additional
exits helped people leave more quickly. And passengers who wanted to buy a
souvenir or a magazine, or duty-free articles, were catered for with a larger
selection of more spacious shops, now self-service. In the arrivals area, two
now baggage carousels meant that people didn't have to wait so long for their
cases. But even after all these improvements, the airport building still wasn't
equipped to cope with the crowds of passengers that the future would
1986 - 1989
1986: The airport celebrates its 75th birthday with an open day. Some 250,000 visitors experience a festival of technology, nostalgia, information and entertainment. Parallel to this plans are laid for an expansion programme with an investment volume of approx. 102 m euros. The project includes the construction of a new terminal; 11 new passenger piers and a new car park. With this project the airport abandons proposals to build a new airport in Kaltenkirchen.
1987: With just over 5.4 million passengers Hamburg Airport breaks the 5 million barrier for the first time and is able to establish its position as Germany’s fourth largest airport. New destinations such as Rome, Moscow, Birmingham and Glasgow are introduced.
1988: After a four year construction period Hamburg Airport turns over the new air traffic control centre to the Federal Administration of Air Navigation Services (Bundesanstalt für Flugsicherung). The yellow tower becomes a distinctive landmark. Three years after launching the service the airline PAN AM greets the 200,000th passenger on its Hamburg-New York route. The airport gets a new fire fighting centre. The building is situated in a central location within the airport’s perimeters. The facility, costing 11 m DM, is equipped with state-of-the-art communication technology to facilitate a quick response.
1989: Additional north Atlantic routes, including services
to Atlanta, New York and Chicago, are launched. Work on the construction of the
new General Aviation Terminal (GAT) begins. As a result private pilots and
commercial aviators will have a terminal; two new hangars with workshops;
offices and a dedicated apron at their disposal. An open day is held on 18th
June within the scope of the 800th Harbour Birthday celebrations. Hamburg
Airport offers 400,000 visitors fun, entertainment and a chance to inspect
numerous large aircraft. In July the 3rd Programme for Noise Protection Measures
commences. The programme provides grants for the installation of sound-proofed
windows in approx. 3,000 residential units in the surrounding area. A total
investment of some 9 m euros is planned. The airport operator, Flughafen Hamburg
GmbH, achieves a turnover of 103 m euros.
1990 - 1995
1990: The P5 multi-storey car park with 800 parking spaces
is completed. The business passenger centre also commences operations.
Following German reunification the airport becomes a gateway between the East and the West. New services to Moscow, Prague, Danzig, Warsaw and to the Baltic states are launched.
1991: The Gulf War leads to a decrease in flights and a
slump in the number of passengers. The introduction of the summer flight
schedule sees a slight recovery and new international destinations such as
Kaliningrad, Minsk, Riga and Vilnius are added in the winter.
The expansion of the airport continues: in May the P2 multi-storey car park is opened after just 6 months of building work. The topping-out ceremony for Terminal 2 is held on 24th October and, on the same day, the northern half of the Passenger Pier is inaugurated.
1992: The long-haul Airbus A340 stops over in Hamburg and
draws large crowds. Over 34,000 guests visit the new observation deck in the
first few weeks after it opens. The 100 metre long deck is inaugurated on 10th
The number of loud aircraft is steadily decreasing. These planes now account for only 14.9 percent of the total.
1993: On 18th January the model airport show, the only one
of its kind in the world, is re-opened. On 1st April the new P6 car park,
situated in Weg beim Jäger and with 1,100 parking spaces, goes into
Following a construction period of 3 ½ years the new Terminal 4 (today Terminal 2) is inaugurated on 1st November in the presence of 1,500 guests. With a ground area of 20,000 m² the new terminal has the capacity to handle up to 7 million passengers annually. 7.3 million passengers are using the airport – more than ever before.
1994: Terminal 3 is renovated in just four months and
equipped with completely modernised facilities to bring it in line with
Terminal 4 (today Terminal 2). The air cargo centre is also
Landing fees are revised, with increased charges for loud aircraft and a price reduction for quiet aircraft, making the airport even quieter.
Sales revenues at the airport exceed the 150 million € mark for the first time.
1995: In September the airport welcomes the 150 millionth passenger since opening in 1911. Sales revenues continue to increase, and are now in excess of 165.3 million €.
1996 - 1999
1996: On 1st July Hamburg Airport opens a special shopping
centre. Terminal 3 (today the site of the Airport Plaza) becomes a holiday
terminal, with 18 tour operators, travel agents and last-minute shops located in
a retail area covering some 2,000 m².
With 8.2 million passengers the ACI airport association’s “Airports International Top 100” now ranks Hamburg Airport the 91st airport worldwide.
1997: Hamburg Airport goes on line for the first time on
30th June with the www.ham.airport.de
In March the airport brings Hollywood to the Hanseatic city: a scene from the James Bond film “Tomorrow never dies”, with Pierce Brosnan as 007, is filmed in Terminal 4 (now Terminal 2).
On 6th May an Airbus A300-600 delivers a five metre tall bronze sculpture by American artist Osprey O. Lake from San Francisco to Hamburg. The monument to peace between the peoples of the world, “Cheemah Spirit Monument” is unveiled on 22nd May.
1998: “Business Traveller” magazine declares Hamburg Airport
the third best in Germany, following directly after Frankfurt and Munich
In May Delta Airlines launches a daily non-stop service between Hamburg and Atlanta.
In December the airport welcomes the 9 millionth passenger of the year.
1999: The 50th anniversary of the Berlin Airlift is
celebrated on 26th June. Hamburg Airport also participated in this airlift, even
after the end of the war, with regular flights to Berlin. Douglas DC-3 aircraft,
known as “raisin bombers”, supplied the city of Berlin with essential every day
items by air.
Hamburg Airport celebrates 80 years of regular scheduled flights from the city. The first “Hamburg Airport Classics” aviation show on the 5th and 6th June is the highlight of the anniversary celebrations. 35,000 visitors admire 24 vintage aircraft as they fly over the airport. Lufthansa Technik (LHT) donates its former training aeroplane, a Boeing 707-430, to Hamburg Airport for the symbolic price of 1 euro. This vintage aircraft begins a new life as a museum plane.
The model airport show celebrates its 40th anniversary and Belgian airline Sabena turns 70. The airline launched its Hamburg-Brussels service on 29th April 1929, thus making it one of Hamburg’s oldest routes.
Hamburg Airport is the first European airport to be awarded
an Eco Certificate for its environmental management. This certificate is based
on strict EU norms. The award recognises the airport’s exemplary commitment in
the fields of waste disposal, energy supply, water and air protection as well as
its procedures to prevent bird strikes.
The annual profit of some 25.5 million euros is also an extraordinary success.
The airport is officially renamed “Hamburg Airport”.
The “HAM 21” Expansion Programme is launched. In the course of this expansion project Hamburg Airport will be fully modernised by 2008. Flughafen Hamburg GmbH, the airport operator, invests 350 million euros in the programme. The dawn of the 21st century is a fitting moment for Hamburg Airport to present its new logo, signalising greater dynamism, internationality and a heightened service ethos.
Hamburg Airport also reports 164,932 take-offs and landings (+5.4%). For the first time noise-intensive “Chapter 2 jets” represent less than one percent of all aircraft movements over Hamburg. The airport and the airlines declare the reduction of aircraft noise to be their joint goal.
This year also sees Hamburg Airport winning numerous awards. It achieves 3rd
place in both the “Business Traveller Awards” and the “Airport of the Year”
survey conducted by ‘Wirtschaftswoche’ magazine. Hamburg Airport’s environmental
management system is awarded DIN EN ISO 14001 certification; the EC Eco-Audit
Validation and first prize in the ‘Infrastructure’ category of the “Aerospace
Hamburg Airport celebrates its 90th birthday with a formal gala evening in Hamburg’s town hall, attended by over 600 invited guests. The airport is now the oldest airport still operating from its original location. The oldest international flight service, between Hamburg and Amsterdam, has been in operation since 1920.
In the course of the HAM 21 Expansion Programme the new office building for the airport operating company (FHG) – Lilienthalhaus – and a rental car centre with 800 parking spaces are completed. A total of 7,800 parking spaces are now available. The demolition of the old Terminal 2, inaugurated in 1929 as a municipal administration building, sees the dawn of a new era at Hamburg Airport. The historic building will be replaced with a new terminal – today’s Terminal 1 – built in the same style as Terminal 4 (today Terminal 2). The opening of new access roads to the terminal buildings significantly reduces traffic congestion at the airport.
Visitors to the airport can already admire the airport as it will be at the end of 2008 when visiting the model airport show, reopened after an investment of some 1.1 million euros.
The Hamburg Airport Classics aviation show on 16th and 17th June is the highlight of the anniversary year. In keeping with its 90th birthday the airport presents the 70,000 visitors with 107 historic and modern aircraft spanning nine decades of aviation history.
The new noise protection hangar, which commences operations in December, provides a significant reduction in noise pollution. In 2001 it is the only hangar in the world to be enclosed on three sides and roofed over, providing wide-bodied aircraft with facilities to test their turbines at full power. Virtually all Boeing and Airbus models with varying engines can be tested up to maximum take off power behind closed doors.
The 200 millionth passenger passes through Hamburg Airport since its opening
in 1911. A total of 9,490,432 m passengers are recorded in this anniversary year
– a slight decrease of 4.6 percent. Take-offs and landings also decrease
slightly, by 3.9 percent. The decrease in passengers numbers this year can,
perhaps, be attributed primarily to fear of new terrorist attacks. Despite this
terrible event and falling passenger numbers Hamburg Airport looks forward
optimistically to the future and continues undeterred with its HAM 21 Expansion
2002 - 2003
2002: The beginning of the year sees an initial recovery of air traffic movements at Hamburg Airport. One of the reasons for this is a significant expansion in the range of charter and scheduled flights on offer. A total of 61 airlines now regularly fly to and from Hamburg Airport. Despite the optimism at the beginning of the year, in December the airport reports a total decrease in passenger numbers for both charter and scheduled services of some 5 percent.
In early June Hamburg Airport launches a new Internet presence:
2,500 pages of pure facts provide information on every aspect of flying and the
The heart of the HAM 21 Expansion Programme: on 6th June the foundation stone is laid for the new passenger terminal, Terminal 1.
year Hamburg Airport is once again presented with a number of awards:
it fulfils the EU’s strict environmental standards, brought together under the umbrella of EMAS (Eco Management and Audit Scheme), for a second time. Active environmental protection continues to be a pillar of Hamburg Airport’s corporate strategy. In addition to this the airport is awarded 1st prize in the ‘Best Environmental Report’ category by the jury of experts awarding the coveted “German Environmental Reporting Awards”. Berlin specialist publishing house Ernst & Sohn für Bauingenieure und Architekten awards Hamburg Airport the Civil Engineering Prize 2002 for its noise protection hangar.
2003: Despite a global recession; the SARS epidemic and the Iraq War 9,529,830 m passengers use Hamburg Airport this year. With an increase of 6.6 percent in passenger numbers the airport grows almost twice as quickly as the average for all German commercial airports. In particular, the range of low-cost carrier services is significantly expanded. New destinations include Riga, Vienna, Budapest, Venice and Rotterdam.
Tradition and the future are
closely linked: on the 10th June Hamburg Airport holds the topping-out ceremony
for Terminal 1, which will be one of Europe’s most modern terminals. Today’s
Terminal 2 celebrates its 10th anniversary in November. The foundation stone is
laid for the new parking rotunda, which will, in future, provide Hamburg
Airport’s guests with an additional 2,200 parking spaces directly adjacent to
the terminals. In 2003 a total of over 8,000 parking spaces are available to
visitors to Hamburg Airport.
On 13th and 14th September Hamburg Airport and Lufthansa Technik host the 3rd Hamburg Airport Classics aviation show. The motto is “100 years of powered flight” and 115 aircraft and an entertaining programme attract over 100,000 visitors to the airport.
2004 - 2005
2004: Just as in the previous year Hamburg Airport records increased numbers of passengers. A total of 9,893,854 million passengers pass through the airport. This represents an increase of 3.8 percent over the previous year. Hamburg Airport also sees an increase in cargo volumes, with growth at around 9 percent.
The first phase of the HAM 21 Expansion Programme is completed on 27th January, when the southern extension of the existing passenger pier is inaugurated. Hamburg Airport also announces two new partners for catering in the terminals and on the passenger pier. The airport’s restaurants and bars will in future be operated by the specialist companies Mövenpick-Verkehrsgastronomie and HMS Host Europe. Both partners were able to beat national and international competitors to win the Europe-wide tendering process. June marks a further milestone in the HAM 21 Expansion Programme, when the topping-out ceremony for the new parking rotunda is held. 2,200 parking spaces close to the terminals will now be available to passengers and visitors.
This year sees the relaunch of the “Hamburg Airport Journal”, with a fresh layout and new content. The airport’s customer magazine provides its customers with information on exciting destinations; shopping and leisure activities at the airport and the progress of the HAM 21 Expansion Programme on a bi-annual basis.
2005: Record results for Hamburg Airport: the airport breaks the 10 million passenger barrier for the first time this year. The 10 millionth passenger begins his journey from Hamburg Airport on 5th December 2005. This is particularly pleasing since the record number of 10 million passengers was only narrowly missed in 2000 and 2004, when some 9.9 million passengers passed through the airport. Hamburg Airport is now Germany’s fifth largest airport and the largest international commercial airport in northern Germany. Some 430 take-offs and landings take place at the airport every day and it is used by around 29,250 passengers daily.
Michael Eggenschwiler becomes the spokesman of the board of directors of Hamburg Airport in March 2005. On 1st July Claus-Dieter Wehr joins the board of directors of Hamburg Airport.
Another reason to celebrate: on 25th May the new Terminal 1 (T1), one of Europe’s most modern terminals, is officially inaugurated. The airport has now completed the most important phase of the 350 million euro HAM 21 Expansion Programme. Some 1,500 guests are present at the terminal’s official opening ceremony on 20th May 2005. The open days held on 21st and 22nd May 2005 give Hamburg’s residents the opportunity to admire the new terminal and also to take a look behind the scenes. Terminal 1 commences actual operations on 25th May 2005. The opening of the terminal creates 200 new jobs. With a ground space of 6,300 m² the new T1 is one-third larger than T2. Together both terminals can handle a total capacity of 15 million passengers a year.
Additional important progress in the HAM 21 Expansion Programme this year
includes the commencement of the new “Airport Parking” parking guidance system;
the completion of the P2 multi-storey car park and the new access roads to the
terminals. The new parking guidance system uses digital displays to provide
drivers arriving at the airport with information regarding the number of parking
spaces available adjacent to the terminals and on the P8 and P9 long-stay car
2006 will go down in the annals of Hamburg Airport as being a particularly successful year. The number of passengers breaks the 11 million barrier for the first time. This year a total of 11,954,040 passengers use the airport, representing an increase of 12 percent. In addition to numerous new services the reason for this extraordinary growth lies in the use of larger aircraft and better utilisation of capacity.
Air cargo also sees substantial growth. This year Hamburg Airport reports
growth of around 3.2 percent to 77,600 tonnes of cargo, while also providing new
air cargo capacity. The P6 passenger car park is closed in September and
converted into a lorry park for the freight centre. The closure is offset by the
creation of 1,200 new parking spaces directly adjacent to the
Cheap flights from Hamburg Airport to destinations all over the world have never before been so attractive. 25 percent of passengers are already taking advantage of the cheap tariffs offered by low-cost carriers. The range of flight services on offer includes some 100 destinations for under 100 euros. The established airlines are also flying Hamburg’s passengers to holiday or business destinations for very little cash. Visitors to Hamburg Airport’s website can identify all the cheap destinations via the new “Preiswert ab Hamburg” portal.
In order to be able to begin building of the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2 the 25 year old Terminal 3 has to go. Demolition work is finished at the end of March and is the starting signal for construction of the Airport Plaza. The construction project is officially commenced with a groundbreaking ceremony in May; the foundation stone is laid in August.
The FIFA Football World Cup in the summer sees the outbreak of football fever in Germany – and at Hamburg Airport. A “Blue Goal” shines from the roof of the Lilienthalhaus building; the 10th goal and a demonstration of the City of Hamburg’s commitment to this major sporting event. Numerous events for football fans make for a World Cup atmosphere at the airport.
Four new long-haul services also bring the world closer to Hamburg this year.
Passengers to Hamburg Airport now only have to make one stopover to reach the
world’s most important cities. In addition to the existing Continental Airlines
service to New York and the transat service to Toronto, from 1st March Emirates
offers a daily service to Dubai and, from 29th October, to New York (JFK).
2007: The 10th Hamburg Aviation Conference takes place on 13th February. Over 400 recognised experts and well-known aviation industry senior executives from 22 countries gather to discuss current trends and strategies for global aviation.
The spectacular final phase of structural works for the Airport Plaza begins
on 26th April. Over the course of five nights five steel trusses, each 102
metres long and weighing 62 tonnes, are lifted into their positions using
Europe’s largest mobile crane. The structural works are completed on 2nd August,
when the topping-out ceremony takes place. The Airport Plaza between Terminal 1
and Terminal 2 is the third structure designed by the architect Meinhard von
Gerkan, all with a distinctive character: the sweeping roofs are designed to
remind the viewer of a plane’s wings.
The airport’s new hydrogen filling station, only the second in all of Hamburg, commences operations on 31st May. Among the vehicles it fuels are the two baggage tugs, powered using fuel cell technology.
A weekly cargo service between Hamburg and the United Arab Emirates is launched on 2nd September, 2007. The Emirates SkyCargo freight plane, an Airbus A310-300F, departs Hamburg for Dubai every Sunday at 12 noon. The aircraft can carry up to 39 tonnes of cargo. The annual volume of air cargo handled by Hamburg Airport is now some 78,000 tonnes. Thanks to the new cargo service to and from Dubai the amount of flown air cargo at Hamburg Airport increases.
Northern Germany’s largest aviation and music festival – the Airport Days
Hamburg – is held on 15th and 16th September on the aprons of Hamburg Airport
and Lufthansa Technik. 150,000 visitors admire the star guest, the Airbus A380,
and some 120 modern and vintage aircraft on the ground and in the air as well as
enjoying open air concerts on the large NDR stages.
Residents to the north of Hamburg Airport are provided with significantly increased aircraft noise protection from September 2007 onwards. The towns of Quickborn and Norderstedt; the parish of Hasloh; the state of Schleswig-Holstein and the airport operator, Flughafen Hamburg GmbH, agree on a new, voluntary noise protection programme. It subsidises the installation of soundproofed windows and sound-absorbing ventilators in residential buildings located within the zone for voluntary subsidies. Thanks to the programme the property owners affected only have to pay 1/6 of the costs incurred for the installation of soundproofed windows. The programme will run for 3 ½ years. To date Hamburg Airport has invested some 35 million euros in passive noise protection measures such as soundproofed windows and ventilators – far more than legally required. Over 14,500 households have been equipped with soundproofed windows free of charge and over 7,000 sound-absorbing ventilators have been installed.
The “cheap flights” segment is growing at Hamburg Airport. easyJet has been
offering daily flights from Hamburg to London/Luton since 5th November, 2007.
On the 6th December Hamburg Airport welcomes its 12 millionth passenger of the year. The previous year Hamburg Airport recorded a total of 11,954,556 m passengers, narrowly missing the 12 million mark.
On 18 February, the traditional groundbreaking ceremony takes place for the “Radisson Hotel Hamburg Airport”, a 51 million euro construction project. A comfortable, 4,260 square metre hotel is being built within walking distance of the terminals, with a footbridge to connect it directly with the new Airport Plaza. When it opens in autumn 2009, the hotel will offer more than 260 guest rooms, multifunctional conference rooms with state-of-the-art equipment (WLAN, video conferencing), a restaurant, a cocktail bar and a fitness area complete with spa.
19 March sees another groundbreaking ceremony take place at Hamburg Airport, when work commences on a field test platform for the ground traffic control system of the future. The new system bears the name “Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS)”. The aim of the innovative ground traffic control system is to provide marshals with more precision and certainty when identifying and locating aircraft and vehicles on the ground. This will optimise procedures on the ground and also make them even safer. The project is a collaboration between the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR, “German Aerospace Center”), Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS, “German Air Traffic Services”) and Flughafen Hamburg GmbH. Before A-SMGCS can go live for testing in summer 2009, 16 kilometres of cabling, 23 antennas and a second ground radar have to be installed.
In the summer of 2008, the modernisation of the fire brigade fleet begins with the delivery of the first Z8. By summer 2009, the thorough modernisation of Hamburg Airport’s fleet of fire trucks will be complete. The current “Rosenbauer Panther” fire trucks are being successively replaced with new “Ziegler Z8” appliances. These vehicles are amongst the most up-to-date fire trucks in Europe. They are equipped with an innovative, 20-metre long, articulated extinguishing arm, which is itself fitted with a thermal imaging camera. The Z8 is capable of spraying its extinguishing agent up to 90 metres, and up to 12 tonnes of foam can be sprayed within two minutes. The purchase of the four Ziegler Z8s will represent an investment by Hamburg Airport of over 5 million euros in the safety of its passengers.
On 2 September, the Hamburg Aviation Cluster is officially named as one of the five winners of the “Best Clusters” competition instigated by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. With their “New aviation from Hamburg” project, the members of the cluster – Hamburg Airport, Airbus, Lufthansa Technik, various suppliers to the aviation industry, research and university partners – were able to successfully compete against 38 other clusters. The prize money of 40 million euros will be used to develop innovative solutions to make air travel in the future more economical, more environmentally friendly, more comfortable and more reliable.
On 4 December, at 4am, the announcement is made: “Airport Plaza Ready for Operation”. The Airport Plaza, the new heart of Hamburg Airport, opens its doors for regular flight operations. The Plaza is not just a shopping and restaurant complex for passengers, it is also home to 16 security lanes for passenger security checks. Every passenger has to pass through one of the lanes to reach his or her departure gate. The Airport Plaza completes the master plan for the New Hamburg Airport and closes the gap between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. To celebrate this event, an official opening ceremony was held a week earlier, on 26 November, with around 600 invited guests, followed by open days on 29 and 30 November, with around 40,000 north Germans taking the unique opportunity to experience the new Airport Plaza without having to buy a ticket.
On 12 December, about a week after the Airport Plaza entered service, another premiere takes place at the airport: the S-Bahn (metro rail network) service on the S1 line begins operating to the airport, bringing passengers and visitors from Hamburg’s Hauptbahnhof (central station) direct to the airport in just 25 minutes, operating every 10 minutes. This makes Hamburg Airport more than ever the airport for northern Germany. The rail connection makes it possible for passengers from northern Germany to travel by train all the way from their home town to the airport as they set off on holiday or a business trip.
2008 is also a good year for people living in the immediate vicinity of the airport, as nighttime aircraft movements at Hamburg Airport are significantly reduced. There is a decrease of around 30 per cent between 11:00pm and midnight, whilst the decrease between midnight and 6:00am is as high as 48 per cent. A major reason for this is the cessation of night postal flights as of 31 March, 2008.
Although the economic situation in 2008 is tense, making for a rather weak year for the aviation industry as a whole, Hamburg Airport manages to maintain the high passenger figures achieved the previous year and even to grow slightly. This result is thanks, among other things, to the strong commitment of the airline partners and their belief in Hamburg as a location. A total of 12,838,205 passengers pass through Hamburg Airport in 2008, representing a growth of 0.5 per cent.
The Hapag-Lloyd airborne cruise season is launched in January. Passengers may tour the world in the “Albert Ballin” private jet.
Cologne artist Gunter Demnig lays two memorial stones, known as “stumbling blocks”, directly in front of Terminal 2 in February 2009. They are in memory of Dr Kurt Adams and Carl Nickels, both of whom lived with their families in the former “Lilienthalblock” apartment buildings on the site of the current airport administration; the two men were victims of the Nazi regime.
Hamburg Airport once again opens its doors to interested visitors for the second national Logistics Day on 16 April. They can, for example, have a look in the cargo-handling hangars and the baggage cellar.
For the tenth year, between 80,000 and 120,000 bees make their home in the airport hives. The condition of vegetation at and near the airport is an indicator of air purity. Pollutants from plants are present in the nectar and pollen gathered by the bees and can later be seen in the honey produced. The result: the air at the airport is pure and the honey is perfect, every time.
The Airport in Miniature model show turns 50 on 1 May. There is a birthday celebration for all ages, with free presentations and apron tours, a Punch & Judy show and a make-up stand for the little ones and both sport and an engineering project – building a model Airbus A380 – for older children. With around 35,000 visitors each year, the Airport in Miniature model show is Hamburg Airport’s most popular attraction. Around 1.8 million visitors have been to the show since the very first presentation took place in 1959.
On 18 May, 2009 the Aviation Marketing team is amongst the winners of the Routes Marketing Award, recognising Hamburg Airport’s commitment to the development of new marketing tools.
On 7 July, Hamburg Airport hosts a world première: the German Aerospace Center (DLR) presents the world’s first manned aircraft powered exclusively by hydrogen cells, the Antares DLR-H2. More than 200 guests witness the test flight in the skies above the airport.
On 14 July, the Studien- und Fördergesellschaft der Schleswig-Holsteinischen Wirtschaft (“Schleswig-Holstein Business Association for Research and Funding”) presents the coveted “Economic Environmental Prize” to Hamburg Airport at a ceremony in Kiel Castle.
On 5 September, for training purposes, the A380 makes its second landing at Hamburg Airport.
The opening of the new P2-P4 parking deck means that passengers and those meeting them or bringing them to the airport have a total of around 12,000 parking spaces to choose from at Hamburg Airport, some 8,300 of which are in the immediate vicinity of the terminals. The parking deck expansion costs 23.5 million euros.
In October, the Airport Hotel “Radisson Blu” opens – just 100 metres from the terminals. The hotel has 266 rooms along with multifunctional meeting rooms, a restaurant, a cocktail bar and a fitness center with spa.
Emirates, the international airline based in Dubai, officially opens its
First and Business Class Lounge at Hamburg Airport on 10 November. The
900-square metre facility is Germany’s largest Emirates Lounge, second only to
the London lounge in the whole of Europe, offering holiday and business
travellers a foretaste of Emirates’ multiple award-winning on-board service.
The year is shaped by preparations for the airport’s centenary jubilee. On 11 January, 2010, precisely one year before the big celebration, the official anniversary website, www.100-jahre-hamburg-airport.de, goes online. 1,500 internet users vote and choose the number “100” written with a vapour trail as the logo for the celebrations.
Every second counts. At the end of February, an emergency rescue system with 66 SOS columns for first aid and emergency treatment installed throughout the site. The system is a combination emergency and rescue facility. The goal: in an emergency, victims and/or those helping them can both call for professional help and administer first aid on the spot.
In February, the EDEKA supermarket opens on the Arrivals Level in the Airport Plaza. The long opening times – 6am to 10pm, 7 days a week – are particularly attractive.
On 24 March, it is official: goodbye HAM 21! The largest expansion programme in the history of the airport is finished. The Airport invested a total of 350 million euros. After 10 years of planning and construction, the new Terminal 1, the southern extension to the Passenger Pier, the northern access road, a new parking guidance system, the P2 multi-storey car park and the new commercial heart of the airport, the Airport Plaza, have been created. The final project to be completed is the new P2-P4 parking deck opposite the terminals.
In May, the pioneering A-SMGCS surface radar system enters service at Hamburg Airport. A-SMGCS supports the work of apron controllers with an improved visual representation of the situation, contributes to increased security in ground traffic control and facilitates more efficient traffic management. This not only saves costs, it also benefits the environment. A-SMGCS enables the airport to reduce airside emissions by a total of 10 percent.
The new summer timetable
is valid from 28 March to 30 October, 2010. It includes 220 flights to a total
of 125 destinations. This includes 14 new direct connections, either
alternatives to existing services or new destinations not previously featuring
in the Hamburg route network.
The world’s largest cargo aircraft, the Antonov AN 225, visits Hamburg in April to collect a laser welding facility to be shipped to China. The six-engined aircraft is around 85 metres long and 18 metres high with a wingspan of 88.4 metres. The volume of the cargo hold is no less than 1220 m3. These dimensions make it clear that shipping something with this aircraft is not just an everyday matter.
Volcanic ash over Europe: Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano completely disrupts flight operations from Hamburg and numerous other European airports from 15 to 20 April. Unfortunate winds drive the ash, which can be dangerous for jet engines, towards the European mainland. For safety reasons, more than 2000 flights are cancelled in Hamburg.
As part of the official training for Lufthansa pilots, the airline’s new flagship, an Airbus A380, flies to Hamburg Airport. Hamburg Airport is well equipped for this visit by the largest passenger jet on 3 June. The airport is a certified A380 alternative airport for the Airbus factory in Finkenwerder.
At the end of July, Hamburg Airport records its 300 millionth passenger since the beginning of passenger records.
The airline from the Netherlands, KLM, has been flying between Hamburg and Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport for some 90 years. The first KLM aircraft from Amsterdam landed on 1 September 1920, making KLM the first international airline in Hamburg.
Body scanners being tested at Hamburg Airport – the Federal Police begins testing two body scanners at the airport’s security checkpoint. Passengers are free to decide whether they want to go through the normal metal detector or the new body scanner.
In October 2010, Hamburg Airport records 1.33 million passengers, 10.4 percent more than in the previous October. This makes it the best month in the almost 100-year history of the airport.
The press conference to launch the airport’s 100th birthday celebrations is held at Miniaturwunderland in November. Initial information on events relating to the airport’s birthday are announced, such as the weekly prize draw, an open-air concert on the apron, and the airport’s anniversary weekend.
Keeping people smiling at the airport! The tryDent team opens its doors on 1 December 2010. It is the first dental practice at Hamburg Airport.
It’s not just at Hamburg Airport that you will find “Follow me” at the end of December. A 25-metre long XXL bus from Hamburg’s public transport operator, Hamburger Hochbahn AG, has been painted with the black and yellow design of a follow-me vehicle and now operates on the MetroBus line 5, an ambassador for the airport.
On 10 January, Hamburg Airport begins its centenary celebrations with a cabinet reception in the City Hall and a big birthday party for around 3,500 guests in Terminal 1. An entertaining display with films and an animated airport model bring the century of development of Hamburg Airport to life. The Airport receives its biggest gift from Lufthansa – a special Hamburg skyline silhouette livery for an A320. Other centenary activities include the Competition Newsletter, a book published by the Hamburger Abendblatt newspaper, an XXL bus painted to look like a follow-me vehicle and the exhibition roadshow in various Hamburg shopping arcades. On 15 July, in conjunction with the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival, Hamburg Airport hosts the Airport Funk & Soul Night on the apron, with jazz artists from all over the world performing. On 24 and 25 September, around 90,000 people visit the “Airport Birthday Party” in the terminals and on the Lufthansa Technik apron. Attractions for young and old include A380s from Emirates and Lufthansa, the “Super Connie”, a Junkers JU-52 and the Airbus Beluga. Amongst the vehicles available for viewing at the display on the forecourt of Terminal Tango is the Airport Fire Brigade’s 43-tonne Z8 crash tender. Aviation pure and simple can be experienced from the perspective of an air traffic controller in Terminal Tango, and there are new ideas and opportunities waiting to be discovered at the Travel Fair. The suitcase auctions on the NDR 90.3 radio stage, with sumptuous contents up for grabs, prove popular. Make-up artists and a magician keep the youngest visitors entertained in the terminals.
On 31 March, Hamburg Airport is honoured as “Best Regional Airport Europe” at the Skytrax World Airport Awards.
At the start of May, after around 6 years of design and construction work, Knuffingen Airport is opened at Hamburg’s Miniatur Wunderland. The complete scale replica of Hamburg Airport’s terminals and facilities includes 40 different aircraft, with 360 take-offs and landings every day for visitors to enjoy.
On 23 May, 2011, Hamburg Airport’s solar electricity facility is installed on the roof of Lilienthal House, contributing to sustainable development. The social affairs minister also presents Hamburg with a prize for exemplary integration management. On 26 October, Hamburg Airport receives EMAS and ISO 14.001 environmental certifications for the fourth time.
Starting on 15 July, Lufthansa deploys an Airbus A321 with biofuel for six months of testing on the scheduled Hamburg-Frankfurt service. The use of biofuel over this period reduces CO2 emissions by around 1,500 tonnes.
On 31 July, 2011, the field test of two body scanners in the passenger security checkpoint at Hamburg Airport concludes after ten months.
A brand new long-haul service in the centenary year: China Eastern Airlines launches scheduled flights to Hamburg’s twin city, Shanghai, on 30 August. From 1 September, 2011, Emirates fly twice daily nonstop to Dubai.
The Christmas Concert for the Airport Family at Hamburg’s St Michaelis Church on 19 December concludes the jubilee celebrations for 2011.
In December 2011, Hamburg Airport welcomes its 13 millionth passenger for the year. 13.56 million passengers pass through Hamburg Airport in 2011. This is around 600,000 passengers – or 4.6 percent – more than in 2010. The growth in passenger numbers is primarily the result of the deployment of larger aircraft.
The online parking reservation system is extended and a new fee structure at Hamburg Airport rewards early booking of parking spaces with lower prices.
The Hamburg Airport app, in German, English and Danish, is launched, with all flight details now easily available direct on passengers’ mobile phones.
And couples may now marry in a private aircraft or in the Hamburg Airport chapel.
Despite Germany’s Aviation Tax, Hamburg Airport increases passenger volume in
2012 by one percent in comparison with its centenary year. On average, 37,432
passengers and 418 take-offs and landings are recorded every day. A total of
13.7 million passengers use Hamburg Airport in the course of the year.
At the beginning of the year, Hamburg Airport installs a free WLAN service. Starting on 10 February, all visitors can surf the internet free of charge using their smartphones, tablets or notebooks. After registration, they can surf for one hour without charge.
From 25 March, Hamburg is served by Vueling, an airline only established in 2004. The Spanish company strengthens its commitment to the German market with the Hamburg-Barcelona route.
Together with the government of the Free & Hanseatic City of Hamburg and the state government of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg Airport launches the 9th Noise Protection Programme. By 2012, some 15,000 households in the neighbouring communities have been fitted with soundproof windows. In addition, 9,300 soundproof ventilators have been fitted in bedrooms.
Passenger satisfaction at Hamburg Airport outstrips all other European non-hub airports in 2012. On 19 April, as in 2011, Hamburg is honoured with the renowned Skytrax World Airport Award. The importance of the award rests, among other things, on the fact that is based exclusively on an independent passenger survey. ACI, the European airports’ association, recognises Hamburg Airport as the best European airport in the “10 – 25 million passenger” category.
The renovation of the 05/23 runway is completed in record time. The work takes just under four weeks, finishing two days earlier than planned on 15 June.
It gets very exciting at the Airport in Miniature model show from 5 July, 2012. The popular tourist attraction is extended with vibrating seats and pilot radio communication to allow visitors to enter even more into the atmosphere of operations at Hamburg Airport.
On 18 October, Hamburg Airport receives the “Green Fleet Award 2012”. The prize is awarded to companies with exemplary fleet management. Many baggage tugs and buses at Hamburg Airport are already powered by bio-natural gas, electricity or hydrogen.
On 22 October, Hamburg Airport applies for permission to build six new jetbridges. The new aircraft handling positions along the Passenger Pier mean passengers can board their flights comfortably and without shuttle bus delays.
Hamburg Airport is well equipped for the winter season 2012/13:
eleven new rust-free stainless steel tanks are commissioned for de-icing
material. They have a capacity of more than 250,000 l., twice that of the
The year begins with new routes from Hamburg, as the Spanish airline Vueling expands its network with three flights per week to Málaga. Norwegian, too, strengthens its services from Hamburg to Málaga and Tenerife, with the Scandinavian airline to introduce flights to Barcelona and Madrid in 2014. EasyJet adds frequencies to the Scottish capital, Edinburgh, amongst other destinations starting in March. And bmi regional introduces a new service between Hamburg and Bristol, further expanding the British route network. Meanwhile, Lufthansa brings Germanwings back to Hamburg.
And easyJet has another pleasing development in store for Hamburg Airport. The airline is planning to open a base in the city in the spring of 2014. The new base will create around 100 new jobs.
Air Berlin’s route cancellations and OLT Express Poland’s bankruptcy mean that services to Warsaw, Gdańsk and Rzeszów are lost, although LOT continues to fly to Warsaw.
Hamburg Airport has to cope with seven days of strikes and three days of severe storms in 2013.
The online career portal published by the human resources department is a major innovation. Interested persons, internal and external, can find out about current vacancies and apply directly online.
Puro Gusto, an Italian food bar, commences operation in Terminal 1. Scoom also opens, replacing the Arrival Bar, joined by McDonalds. The opening of Germany’s first Victoria’s Secret shop on the Passenger Pier is a complete success.
Four new security lanes are opened in May. There is also a new boarding pass desk serving as a fast lane, enabling passengers to reach the central security checkpoint more quickly.
A new feature is added to the Hamburg Airport App this year, making Hamburg the first airport in Germany to provide current waiting times at the security checkpoint, updated every 15 minutes, both on the website and for mobile clients.
Comfort levels increase at Hamburg Airport from May. Hamburg Airport expands
the Airport Lounge to cater for 300 guests, providing passengers with service
and comfort before departure.
From June 2013, airport fans can experience the airport atmosphere live and in colour. Thanks to webcams installed in the departures area of the terminals and on the apron, visitors to the Hamburg Airport website can follow flight activity, for example – with a 15 minute delay. And for treasure hunters and puzzle solves, Hamburg Airport is also a geocaching location.
In September, construction work on the runway 05/23 (Niendorf/Langenhorn) is completed early. The airport invests a total of 5.6 million euros to fully rebuild the runway head in Niendorf, extending it to 285 meters in length and 40 meters in width. During the construction work, Hamburg Airport has an open day on the building site where local residents and visitors enjoy cold drinks and ice cream while they find out about the work and go on a tour of the building site.
The symbolic groundbreaking ceremony in June
launches the construction of the new multi-storey P1 car park close to the
terminals. The new facility will have 1,350 more parking spaces than the old P1.
The replacement for the air cargo center is being built on the former holiday
car park, P8.
The S-Bahn (metro rail network) service to Hamburg Airport celebrates its fifth birthday. Up to 20,000 passengers use this service every day. For the occasion, visitors and passengers have the chance to win one of five flight packages at a specially built “Lucky Track” in Terminal 1.
Hamburg Airport continues to plan projects where environmental protection
takes number one priority. Environmental achievements in 2013 include the
adoption of the “Mobility Concept 2020”, with the goal of equipping more than
half of the Hamburg Airport Group’s vehicle fleet with alternative energy
sources such as natural gas and fuel cells. This year, once again, ACI, the
European airports’ association, recognises Hamburg Airport as the best European
airport in the “10 – 25 million passenger” category.
2014: A good year for Hamburg Airport
Hamburg Airport takes advantage of the positive economic environment in 2014, making the year into a success. The positive development of the airlines, providing Hamburg with a variety-filled route network, further energises the market.
Compared to the previous year, Hamburg Airport records 9.3 percent passenger growth, resulting in a total of 14.76 million passengers for the year. The number of aircraft movements grows by 7 percent over the previous year to a total of 153,876. Thanks to the efficient utilisation of aircraft in the form of a high load factor, the number of aircraft movements is at the same level as it was in 1997, when only 8 million passengers passed through Hamburg Airport. The number of passengers per flight averages 107, compared to 71 passengers per flight in 1997.
Widely varied route network from Hamburg Airport
In 2014, Hamburg Airport further expands its network, with around 65 airlines offering non-stop services to 120 destinations. In March, easyJet opens a new base at Hamburg Airport, directly creating more than 100 jobs. With three aircraft now stationed in Hamburg, easyJet currently offers 28 routes from the city. New at Hamburg Airport is Ryanair, operating flights to Porto and Lisbon. Germania expands its Hamburg portfolio with services to Funchal (Madeira), Marrakesh, and Tel Aviv. SAS launches flights from Hamburg to Stockholm and Oslo in 2014. Furthermore, British Airways commences flights to London City Airport, LOT to Warsaw, Aegean Airlines to Athens, and Pegasus Airlines to Istanbul. Hamburg Airport's domestic German route network is further expanded with the addition of a Germanwings service to Dresden and Rhein-Neckar Air operations to Mannheim.
New shops at Hamburg Airport
Germany's first Ray-Ban Lounge opens in the security-controlled area at Hamburg Airport. This is only the second Ray-Ban shop worldwide. Other new shops at the airport include the ObeyYourBody cosmetic shop and a branch of fashion brand Desigual. In 2014, the Marché restaurant celebrates its 10th anniversary at Hamburg Airport.
New infrastructure at Hamburg Airport
Hamburg Airport wants to remain attractive for air cargo into the future and is therefore building a new Air Cargo Center on the site of the former P8 holiday car park. The ground-breaking ceremony for the new "Hamburg Airport Cargo Center" takes place in March 2014.
In July 2014, the new P1 multi-storey car park opens close to the terminals, providing around 2,800 parking spaces. This effectively expands the number of parking spaces for passengers close to the terminals by 1,350.
March 2014 also sees the introduction of the new "EasyPASS" border control system at Hamburg Airport. With eleven security gatelocks now in place, EU passengers arriving from outside the Schengen zone can now scan their passports themselves. This accelerates the border control process to around 20 seconds.
A further innovation at Hamburg Airport is the new check-in and baggage kiosks, which are installed in August 2014. By printing their own boarding passes and checking their own baggage at kiosk machines, passengers of Lufthansa, easyJet, Air France and KLM can avoid long queues at the check-in counters. Over time, other airlines will be added. The airport is pursuing a new direction here, making check-in and baggage kiosks part of the airport infrastructure, available to passengers of all airlines that choose to participate.
Environmental protection is a key issue at Hamburg Airport
Hamburg Airport has been keeping thorough CO2-emissions accounts for several years, reducing emissions with the aid of a Carbon Management Plan. Hamburg Airport's CO2 management fulfils the criteria for Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA). Level 3 Accreditation is achieved for the first time in April 2014. This is the second-highest accreditation level in the four-level system (Level 1 to Level 3+). And the next step, Level 3+, is already the target for 2015.
It is an established guiding principle at Hamburg Airport that the environmental impact of airport operations is to be kept as low as possible. To this end, Hamburg Airport put an Environmental Management System in place as long ago as the end of the 1990s, certified according to the ISO 14.001 and EMAS (Eco Management and Audit Scheme) standards. In October 2014, the airport's Environmental Management System receives EMAS certification for the sixth time in a row.
As northern Germany's most important airport, Hamburg has set itself the goal of an innovative and exemplary online presence. The Hamburg Airport website, online at www.hamburg-airport.de, is therefore completely redesigned in November 2014. The new site is even easier to use, even more straightforward, and even more customer-focused. The guiding principle of the redesign was to make it easier for passengers, meeters & greeters, and visitors.
Hamburg Airport contributes to the sense of community with the "Wacken Airport" project in July 2014: airport personnel welcome visitors to the Wacken Open Air Festival with various activities, ultimately winning the "Airport Media Award" for their efforts.
2015: Hamburg Airport on course for success
Hamburg Airport extends its strong economic position in 2015, with plenty of exciting and inspiring changes and innovations and a lot of successful achievements.
In 2015, more passengers fly from Hamburg than ever before. For the first time, more than 15 million passengers use Hamburg Airport in one year. The daily average is around 42,800 passengers. Compared to the previous year, the number of aircraft movements in 2015 rises by only 2.9 percent; in November it actually sinks by 4 percent, and in December it grows by just 1 percent. And take-offs and landings in Hamburg are more efficient than ever before. The average number of passengers per flight in 2015 is 109.7, compared to an average of 106.6 in 2014. The average number of seats per flight has increased from 141 to 144. The load factor at Hamburg Airport has risen to 76 percent.
Hamburg Airport’s route network just keeps on growing.
Hamburg Airport is able to further expand its route network in 2015 with several new destinations.
Once a week, Germania flies from Hamburg to the new destinations of Maschhad (Iran), Santorini (Greece), Paphos (Cyprus) and Beirut (Lebanon), as well as two weekly flights to Tel Aviv (Israel). The Irish airline Ryanair also expands its commitment to the city with four new routes for the winter timetable, to Madrid, Alicante, Málaga and Barcelona. Starting from the summer timetable, Iberia is offers passengers four weekly flights to Madrid. easyJet has new routes on offer, too: Paris-Orly, Pisa, Bologna, Alicante, Heraklion (Crete) and Thessaloniki. The new twice-weekly SunExpress service to Hurghada is a further boost to Hamburg Airport’s route network. And Hamburg Airport also welcomes Air Lituanica as a new airline, operating three flights per week to Vilnius (Lithuania). United Airlines expands its capacity on the Hamburg – New York route by deploying a larger aircraft, a Boeing 767-300. Germanwings adopts the same strategy, deploying larger aircraft on traditional routes, as well as adding two new destinations: Bari (Italy) and Izmir (Turkey).
The highlights of the year – an overview
Construction of the new Cargo Center began in 2014, and on 2 October, 2015, the topping out ceremony, marking the halfway point, takes place. The facility will be opened in the second quarter of 2016. In May, construction work begins on the expansion of the Airport Fire Brigade station, expected to be completed in January 2017. The “Upper Deck” in the Passenger Pier offers comfortable seating in a Hanseatic atmosphere, along with several power sockets and USB ports, and the waiting area at Gate A17 is stylishly remodelled in December.
One of the highlights of the year is the presentation of Finnair’s new Airbus A350 XWB, commissioned in Hamburg in October. Finnair is the first European airline to operate this model of aircraft.
Hamburg Airport is honoured with a special commendation for its many efforts to reduce air pollution, being named as “Air Quality Partner of the Year 2015”.
From the beginning of 2015, the aircraft noise information tool TraVis (TRAck VISualisation) provides clarity and transparency relating to noise protection, allowing interested citizens to call up information on flight paths and noise data at the airport – online.
The airport acquires a new team of helpers to look after its green space in June: a herd of 90 sheep keep the grass down in a 12,000 square meter area.
Starting in the summer, Hamburg Airport takes care of the post-holiday empty-fridge problem with the online order service, FillMyFridge.de. Customers choose from five possible food packets, and when they land at Hamburg Airport they can collect the packet from the EDEKA Lars Tamme supermarket, open until 10 p.m., in the publicly accessible area.
The 200-year-old “Danes Bridge” over the Tarpenbek stream on the airport premises is uncovered – a unique cultural moment for the airport and the region. The tenth anniversary of the non-stop connection between Hamburg and the United Airlines New York hub, Newark Liberty International Airport, is also a highlight of the year 2015. Since the service began in 2005, the airline has carried almost 900,000 passengers on more than 6,000 flights on the route.
Many events and programmes for personnel, passengers and visitors leave their mark on the airport’s year. The “Wacken Airport” project in July, for example, once again contributes to the sense of community. Visitors to the Wacken Open Air Festival, arriving from all over the world, are welcomed at Hamburg Airport.
The Hamburg Airport Days event delights around 80,000 visitors over two days in August. Hamburg Airport and Lufthansa Technik jointly organise and host northern Germany’s largest aviation spectacle, with the motto “Discover the World of Flight”. Visitors can admire the Airbus A300-600ST “Beluga”, along with around 100 other aircraft, from modern jets to historic veterans. In the “Innovations Hangar” they can gain insights into the future of aviation, and their are tours to give them a chance to see what happens behind the scenes at the airport.
The “Donate your deposit” project proves very popular. Launched jointly by Hamburg Airport, the Hamburg homeless magazine Hinz&Kuntz, and the recycling company, Der Gruene Punkt – Duales System Deutschland GmbH, the project provides jobs for three long-term unemployed people.
At the end of the year, Hamburg Airport welcomes a new provider for the proven high quality baggage transportation and left luggage service: Schwerelosreisen. The end of the year also sees an appetising new addition to Hamburg Airport’s food court: Starbucks Coffee Company and Marché International open their first joint store.
On 9 December, Hamburg Airport welcomes its 15-millionth passenger for the year when Marina Chernova of Hamburg checks in for her flight to Amsterdam.
2016: “Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt” as official name
2016 proves to be a successful year for Hamburg Airport. It isn’t just the variety of routes on offer that grows; passenger comfort is also improved with modernised gates and the new airport app. A total of around 16.2 million passengers use Hamburg Airport for their private and business travel. This is the first time the 16-million passenger barrier has been broken. On 14 October, Hamburg Airport records its highest ever number of passengers on one day – around 65,000. Despite the high demand for mobility amongst the population of Hamburg and northern Germany, the number of aircraft movements (+1.4 percent) once again rises at a lower rate from the previous year than the number of passengers (+3.9 percent). The load factor on flights to and from Hamburg Airport rises by 0.6 percentage points to 77.3 percent. Flying is becoming more efficient.
Even more variety in the route network
The variety in Hamburg’s route network grows even further in 2016. Hungarian airline Wizz Air commences flights to the European cities of Gdańsk, Skopje and Kiev on 17 April. Bucharest, the Romanian capital, is also directly reachable from Hamburg from the launch of the 2016 summer timetable, with two airlines – Blue Air and TAROM – both launching new services. Eurowings adds another sunny destination to its Hamburg network from 7 May, 2016, with weekly flights to Cagliari, capital of Sardinia, the second-largest island in the Mediterranean. Hamburg Airport is also delighted to welcome the new airline Air Serbia, operating flights to the Serbian capital of Belgrade from 15 June, 2016. After a long break, Bodrum in Turkey also makes its return to the Hamburg timetable: Germania starts flights to the city on Turkey’s Aegean coast on 7 May, 2016. And SunExpress also begins flying to Bodrum on 6 May, 2016. Germania expands its commitment to Hamburg with a new route to Alanya-Gazipaşa from 3 June, 2016. Other new destinations for Hamburg Airport’s passengers are Sofia, London-Stansted and Milan-Bergamo, served by Ryanair starting with the 2016/17 winter timetable. Ryanair opens a base in Hamburg in November 2016, stationing two aircraft here.
Highlights of 2016 at Hamburg Airport
Without doubt the greatest highlight of the year 2016: the airport honours the former Federal Chancellor of the Republic of Germany, Helmut Schmidt, officially adopting the name “Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt” on 10 November, 2016. The statesman Helmut Schmidt had a special connection with Hamburg Airport, both as Honorary Chairman of the Supervisory Board and as a resident of the neighbouring borough of Langenhorn. The life and work of Helmut and Loki Schmidt is honoured in a permanent exhibition in Terminal 2. This gives passengers and visitors to the airport a place where they can go to remember these two great Hamburg personalities.
In 2016, several waiting areas at the gates are modernised. The new designs have a typical Hamburg touch. The remodeled gates offer more service and comfort for the widest range of passenger needs. Holidaymakers can relax and read whilst business travellers can work efficiently at the neighbouring business workstations. There are numerous additional power sockets and USB ports for passengers to charge their notebooks, tablets, and mobile telephones. Four water dispensers are installed in cooperation with Hamburg Wasser to provide drinking water free of charge after the security checkpoint.
The “Passngr” service app, developed jointly with the airports of Munich and Düsseldorf, also offers added comfort and convenience. It provides passengers with all the relevant information they need. The airport also expands it presence on social media channels. Exclusive insights into what goes on behind the scenes at the airport are available via Snapchat, for example.
In December 2016, Latvian airline Air Baltic lands a Bombardier CS300 at Hamburg. This is the first ever landing of this aircraft model on German soil. The Bombardier CS300 is a state-of-the-art aircraft, characterised by reduced noise and pollutant emissions. Such quieter aircraft are an important milestone for the future of aviation, particularly at urban airports.
Hamburg Airport for the environment
Additional noise protection for neighbours in Norderstedt: In September, together with the city of Norderstedt, Hamburg Airport launches an extension of the 8th Voluntary Noise Protection Programme, which already saw more than half a million euros invested in noise protection between 2007 and 2010. The goal of the new “Noise Protection Programme 8+” is to benefit streets in the City of Norderstedt that directly border on the geographical area covered by the existing Noise Protection Programme. Hamburg Airport and the City of Norderstedt share equally in the financing of the programme.
C.A.R.E. Diesel – fuel from waste: Hamburg Airport’s fuel innovation goes beyond electricity, natural gas, hybrids and fuel cells. In 2016, for the first time, it uses synthetic diesel fuel produced from waste to power vehicles in its diesel fleet. C.A.R.E. Diesel offers numerous technical advantages and, above all, is significantly better for the environment and for occupational health and safety. Hamburg Airport is the world’s first commercial airport to power its entire diesel fleet, from pushback vehicles to the largest tenders of the Airport Fire Brigade, with this alternative fuel.
Major investments in infrastructure
On 4 March, 2016, a symbolic stroke with hammer and chisel marks the start of a comprehensive refurbishment of Hamburg Airport’s main apron. Around 120 million euros will be invested here between now and 2020. The work will be conducted in ten staggered phases between now and 2020 so as to keep the impact on flight operations to a minimum. The first two construction phases are already finished by the end of November 2016. At the same time, the complete line markings and writing on Apron 1 is being restructured.
Hamburg Airport also begins constructing two new operational buildings in November 2016. The new administrative authorities center will eventually unite all authorities present at the airport under one roof. Meanwhile, a modern and forward-looking new home is being constructed for the ground handling services. Hamburg Airport is investing a total of around 35 million euros in these two buildings.